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Garden Tree Care - Part 4

Continuing from the previous article, let's discuss the proper steps and methods for planting a tree.

  1. Ensure New Root Shoots Are Not Buried

At the top of the roots near the tree trunk, you will find new root shoots emerging. When planting the tree, these shoots should be at the same level as the ground or slightly above it. These new shoots do not have the strength to push through the soil, so if they are buried, it will take longer for new roots to spread into the ground.

  1. Cover the Planted Tree with Loose Original Soil

Once the tree is positioned in the hole, cover it with soil. If the soil you dug out is clumpy, use a rake to break it up and loosen it before covering the tree roots. Do not pack the soil down too firmly; just press it enough to secure the tree in place. Many people opt to cover the tree with nutrient-rich soil, but it is often more beneficial to use the original soil, finely broken up and loosened.

  1. Water Thoroughly

After planting the tree, it needs to be watered thoroughly. Water the planting site until it is fully saturated and water starts to pool on the surface, then let it soak in and repeat the process. It is recommended to use 2 to 3 gallons of water per inch of the tree trunk's diameter. In the first year after planting, make sure to water the tree regularly.

  1. Apply Mulch

Mulch helps prevent weed growth and retains soil moisture. The correct way to apply mulch is to spread a thin layer, about 1 inch thick, over the root ball's width. This allows the benefits of mulch while preventing root damage. Beyond the root ball, cover the area extending to the tree’s canopy spread with a 3 to 4-inch layer of mulch.

With these steps, tree planting is complete. As the tree grows, prune any dead or diseased branches and occasionally fertilize it to promote healthy growth. Once the tree reaches a certain size, consider shaping it to improve its appearance, which can enhance the overall look of your garden and potentially increase your property value when you decide to sell your home.

I look forward to providing more helpful articles in the future.

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